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中国工程院院士方滨兴:内生安全问题可能成为人工智能“死穴”******

原标题:中国工程院院士方滨兴:内生安全问题可能成为人工智能“死穴”

  从自动驾驶到智能家居,近两年,人工智能技术和应用发展迅速,科幻电影中曾经描绘的“人机共存”时代,似乎离人类越来越近。然而,人工智能足够安全吗?4月20日,在2019西湖论剑·网络安全大会上,中国工程院院士倪光南、邬江兴、方滨兴和杨小牛,表达了他们对人工智能潜在风险的思考和隐忧。

中国工程院院士共话网络安全。

25年前的今年,中国全功能接入国际互联网,就此拉开中国互联网的发展序幕,全社会的经济、文化、生活方式迎来深刻变革。

中国工程院院士邬江兴仍然记得当年的场景。他说,大家感到“欢新鼓舞”,各行各业都在倡导“互联网+”。但在发展伊始,网络安全问题没有得到足够重视,导致了现在的很多遗留问题。

2014年,中共中央总书记习近平在中央网络安全和信息化领导小组第一次会议上强调,网络安全和信息化是一体之两翼、驱动之双轮,必须统一谋划、统一部署、统一推进、统一实施。做好网络安全和信息化工作,要处理好安全和发展的关系,做到协调一致、齐头并进,以安全保发展、以发展促安全,努力建久安之势、成长治之业。

邬江兴深以为然。但他也坦言,同步安全和发展,对于全人类而言都是挑战。如今,人工智能应用正像互联网一样进入日常生活,各行各业须及早考虑人工智能的安全问题,否则就会重走当年的老路。“不管是什么问题都会有副作用,必须在发展的初期来解决。”他说。

中国工程院院士杨小牛,也有类似担忧:“人工智能会不会又像互联网一样,刚开始不考虑它自身的安全,最后发现存在各种各样的问题,面临相当大的风险?”他认为,将来,如何让算法更加安全、可靠,是一个突出问题。

中国工程院院士方滨兴提出,人工智能的内生安全问题,可能成为其“死穴”。例如,一个被贴上几张小广告的停车标志牌,人看到标志牌会觉得毫无差别,但算法识别就会出现错误。

方滨兴介绍,这样的错误,与人工智能的内生原理有关。人工智能靠大量的数据和神经网络学习,人能够看到人工智能的处理结果,但神经网络中还有很多人看不到的隐含层。因此,几个小广告,甚至是像素点的改变,都会导致人工智能处理错误。

“现在要关注网络安全的新挑战”,中国工程院院士倪光南说,新技术带来了许多传统安全领域没有的新问题、新现象,必须予以重视。以自动驾驶汽车为例,如果黑客通过网络攻击获得了控制权,自动驾驶汽车就会变得非常危险。

采写:南都记者冯群星 蒋琳

作者:冯群星 蒋琳

售卖有毒、有害保健品 男子被判终生不能从事食品生产经营管理工作******

宁陕法院审理查明的事实和公诉机关指控的犯罪事实一致,依法对张某某犯销售有害食品罪一案宣判,被告人张某某犯销售有害食品罪,判处有期徒刑六个月,并处罚金3000元,依法作出职业禁止令,责令被告人张某某终生不能从事食品生产经营管理工作,不得担任食品生产经营企业管理人员,并责令被告人张某某在市级以上媒体公开赔礼道歉。

通讯员 周瑞环 靳苓 华商报记者 宁军

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China's new yuan loans rise in October******

BEIJING, Nov. 10 (Xinhua) -- China's new yuan-denominated loans totaled 826.2 billion yuan (about 129.2 billion U.S. dollars) last month, up 136.4 billion yuan from the same period last year, central bank data showed Wednesday.。

The M2, a broad measure of money supply that covers cash in circulation and all deposits, increased 8.7 percent year on year to 233.62 trillion yuan at the end of October, the data showed. Enditem。

Economic Watch: China mulls five******

BEIJING, Oct. 26 (Xinhua) -- China is taking further steps to increase its support for the country's small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), with solid measures to encourage sci-tech innovation and stimulate their vitality.

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) is working on a five-year plan for the growth of SMEs, which underlines key tasks including improving a level playing field, increasing financing availability and enhancing innovation capacity and professionalism.

From 2021 to 2025, the country is expected to incubate and cultivate about one million innovative SMEs and 100,000 SMEs that feature specialization, refinement, uniqueness and innovation, said MIIT Minister Xiao Yaqing.

According to Xiao, the country also plans to incubate 10,000 "little giant" firms, which refer to small enterprises, still in the early stage of development, focusing on the new generation of information technology, high-end equipment manufacturing, new energy, new materials, biomedicine and other high-end fields.

A total of 1,140 "little giant" companies enjoyed operating margins of 13.2 percent in the first eight months, an MIIT survey showed.

To further improve the technological innovation capacity of SMEs and resolve their difficulties, the country is unfolding a slew of measures.

China plans to build a number of national manufacturing innovation centers and generic technology platforms in key areas, as well as to support the integration of small and medium-sized enterprises into industrial chains, supply chains and value chains, according to the MIIT.

Calling for integrated innovation development pattern for large, medium and small enterprises and upstream and downstream firms, the ministry also proposed to increase inclusive finance support for small and micro-businesses.

Providing richer asset certificates for SMEs and reducing their loan pressure would be one of the many innovative practices to solve their financing difficulties and delayed payment and collection.

As of June 2021, Chinese logistics service platform Lionbridge has served more than 3,000 small, medium and micro logistics enterprises and provided financing support of more than 900 million yuan (about 140.87 million U.S. dollars), by conducting asset capability assessment based on big data covering car rental, shipment and transportation volume.

In addition, some industrial internet platforms have provided financing services for SMEs in the industrial chain by enriching information and capability certificates such as supply chain delivery and stocking.

To solve the problems of insufficient credit construction and direct financing, more efforts will be made to promote the establishment and improvement of enterprise-related data and information-sharing mechanisms and to support fintech to empower SMEs in financing innovation, according to the MIIT. Enditem

闹市中的联络站:八路军驻香港办事处抗日斗争纪事

1.中泰两军将于8月14日举行"鹰击-2022"空军联合训练

2.杨国福快上市了,我也吃不起麻辣烫了

3.加尔蒂:球员在一段时间内出现了体能问题,与高温有一定关系

4.外交部:若搞针对中国的“经济版北约”将非常危险

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